Spanish Conjugations: Past, Present and Future

Elementary Spanish 1

The Spanish Language (el Español) has three different types of verbs: -ar, -er,                  and -ir. These verbs can be conjugated into many different tenses. We will only cover three of these tenses: Present, Past (which has two different types -- imperfect and preterite) and the future.

First things first: We have to understand the different parts of a Verb.



Lets look at a simple verb to help us understand better:


Hablar - to speak/talk


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Present Tense

Now that we understand the parts of a verb we can start the conjugations. First you drop the ending from the infinitive then you add the new conjugated ending back to the stem.


The present tense is as follows:

regular_v.jpg

Now just attach the new ending to the stem:

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Past Tense

There are two forms of the past tense in Spanish. One is the preterite and the other is the imperfect. Knowing when to use each one is essential with the past tense.

spanish-preterite-imperfect-past-tense.jpg

With that in mind, here are the conjugations for the preterite and imperfect:

pret1.jpg
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Future Tense

Unlike the other conjugations, the future tense does not drop the ending. Rather, the new ending is added onto the end of the infinitive. Also, regardless of the type of verb the ending is the same.


The future conjugations are as follows:

The+future+tense+(el+futuro)+uses+the+same+endings+for+all+–ar,+–er,+and+–ir+verbs.+For+regular+verbs,+the+endings+are+added+to+the+infinitive..jpg

And there you have it...

We just learned together how to do the past, present and future conjugations for regular -ar, -er, and -ir verbs. As with all things in life, Spanish gets easier with practice so keep it up!

Links to other helpful Information:

Learn how to speak like a native speaker!


Spanish has many irregular verbs that don't follow the rules. Learn about them here!

Accents are important. Learn how to use them correctly!

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Works/Images Cited

  • Complete Spanish Guide. Learn Spanish Online. 2017 http://www.completespanishguide.com/verbs/
  • Gunko, Tatiana. Indefinido. TES Teach. https://www.tes.com/lessons/-1qV0gitoipoFA/indefinido
  • La Clase de Español, Weebly.com. Athens Drive High School. 20 May 2015.2018 http://srtaosegueda.weebly.com/espantildeol-ii/previous/2
  • Sanchez, Karlie. Present Conjugation. Kyrene Aprende Middle School. 2018 https://www.kyrene.org/Page/37353
  • Teachme.com. Preterite vs Imperfect. Teachme.com 2018 https://www.123teachme.com/learn_spanish/preterite_vs_imperfect_b
  • The Spanish in Texas Corpus. The University of Texas at Austin. COERLL. http://grammar.spanishintexas.org/verbs/ir-verbs/
  • Webster, Elizabeth. SlidePlayer. 2018     http://slideplayer.com/slide/10013691/
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